To kill a mockingbird is a type of Novel explaining how live grows under various circumstances that are extraordinary in southern United States in the year 1930. The length of the story goes to up to three years where the characters undergo significant changes in their mind, in the society and also body growth. The narrator of the story is Scout who is a girl aged between 6 to 9 years but she narrated the story to Lee like an adult. Scout is a tomboy who prefers to solve problems using her fists and not her head. During the entire story of the book, she comes to the understanding of the new nature of human beings, their expectations in their society and even in their world at large. The book talks about scout Finch, Atticus Finch who is her father and an attorney who is hopefully striving to improve how innocent black man accused unjustly of rape case can be and also at the end of the story he talks about Boo Radley who is their neighbor in town who mysteriously saved Scout and her elder brother Jem from killings. In the first chapter, so much emphasis has been put on the background of the family describing the social ties that hold together a society.
From the family of Atticus and his neighbor. Dill is one of the neighbors who represent the influences that children from a particular family can get from outside. Scout and Jem are thus influenced to become friends of Dill. They thus start their friendship and it is evident that they were interested in all the things that had to do with Boo because he was the only legend who was popular in those days. From a child’s perspective that they can easily be misled is shown to have probed in this story than what adults can be capable of. The first chapter shows how children that are still young and innocent and have not yet been influenced by the society, show desires of seeing true things than adults in that society and they have the ability to understand prejudices,, fallacies and accusations from adults that are false.
The first chapter is all about background of the family, heir history and neighbors of families. In chapter two, another foreign character outside the town of Maycomb where Scout’s family lived is introduced as an idea to show the culture of Maycomb town where children were said to be poor, uneducated, and rough and from the rural. The culture of Miss Carole who wore make up and classic clothes than those living in Maycomb shows how the people in Maycomb were so ignorant when it comes to the mode of dressing and beauty. In the first chapter, we have seen that people’s identity is influenced much by the family and its history and so in chapter two the same behavior of influence is shown when the behavior of a child has to be explained by their family’s last name. This was shown when Scout shouted the meaning of Cunningham and that they were farmers not so much interested in monetary things.
This came along when Miss Carole wanted to give out money to one kid of Cunningham who did not go out for lunch. It is believed that family share values and in this case the child was described from the view of their family where they were believed that they are proud, they do not take money from people and cannot pay back money and they live in a poor land rather than to work for the government to earn wealth. This further explains about influences just like in chapter one. The chapter also shows how Scout is an intelligent girl at school during her first grade and had naturally learned how to read. Though she never liked to read till teacher Carole denied her to read. She grew up thinking that reading was pleasure and she took it for granted. It was her freedom to read and write in class but denying her to read claiming that she learned it in the wrong way was unjust but the children later learned about freedom and justice that was denied. Scouts reports this incident of denial to her brother Jem who comforts her. This shows how family is the only thing that can support someone.
The issue of education continues for the entire chapters. Scouts and Jem now begin to closely relate with Boo when they plan to go to boo’s place playing the games of peeping through the fence and through his dark windows. Boo lived in a very isolated house and place. They later managed to access Boo’s place of residence and later learnt why Boo liked to be alone though they were still doubted him. From the chapter, 6, children can learn through ignorance and hidden truth through their persistence and urge to discover new things. They tried all the means to reach Boo’s place and after discovering why he liked being alone, they tried to reconcile him with the society again as at the end of the story Boo is said to have been very white and it was because of his color that he stayed alone.
Atticus believed that something like color will never separate them from the whites and that would be achieved at one particular time.[bookmark: _GoBack] In chapters 7 and 8, the children still continue to show sympathy to Boo Radley. It is said that Boo mended Jem’s pants and placed them in the tree. Though this is very hard to read between lines, Jem understood this and at this point his maturity was seen. More reconnections to reunite Boo Radley to the society continued taking place as the kids kept on visiting his place of residence. Later in chapter 9, students at school began saying that Atticus the father of Scout and Jem defended the niggas. Scout and Jem started seeing prejudice that prevailed in their town Maycomb like kindness.
Atticus thereby started to teach about tolerance and courage but in this chapter he still thinks about those who choose to disagree and majority are his friends. He thus did not accept to be stopped by them from fighting for what was right for the people. In Maycomb, prejudice against blacks gained much strength to an extent that members of the family started blaming Atticus for having defended Tom. This prejudice is the same as what Scout had learned. The main theme of the Novel To kill a mockingbird is that in the world where threatening people’s innocence by spreading injustice, cruelty, prejudice and hatred existed, goodness of people can later be revealed through sympathy, understanding and use of common sense which was very evident from the affectionate willingness of people in Maycomb town to help each other that helped them overcome the Gothic elements that had been introduced to their small town of simple lives.