Tobacco use/smoking Cessation

According to the previous studies concerning tobacco use, an increase in the tobacco use has been registered since the first report was released in 1964. It is reported that more than 20 million Americans have died as a result of tobacco smoking, Effects of tobacco use Reproductive complication such as reduced fertility among women, low birth weight, erectile dysfunction, among others. The widespread use of tobacco started about a century ago.

Stroke and heart disease

Lung diseases

Cancer (leukemia, kidney, cervix, esophagus, trachea)Disparity among population segment Adolescents and young adults Tobacco smoking not only affects ye smoker, but the second-hand smoke also affects the passive smokers due to the exposure Adolescents and young adults According to a NDUH survey (2012), cigarette smoking among the male and females between ages of 15-17 was an average of 6.6%. Looking at the race the whites were registers to be more prevalent with 8.2%.

The young adults falling between the ages of 18 -25 it registered a prevalence of 31%, with the male having a higher prevalence compared to that of women. The adolescents and the young adults were majorly influence by the advertisements and promotion which majorly target them. However as compare to the older populations, the adolescence and the young adults the percentage of daily smokers was not significant. Adults According to NSDUH report 2012, the prevalence of adult smokers above 18 years was 22% of the estimated smokers, 61.9 % of them were daily smoker. It is evident therefore that adult tobacco smokers are the majority and the number increases steadily as the year goes by among the adult majority were men as compared to the women. Concerning the ethnicity/race of the smokers, white registered the majority smokers white the blacks Asians and the Hispanics registered low rates in general. It is also evident that the educational status is inversely proportional to daily smoking most of the smokers living above the poverty line have a more likelihood to smoke daily.


An important step of increasing the cessation rate I through the attempts to quit smoking, it is reported that most smokers have attempted to quit smoking at least one day in 12 months. There was no great variance among the age and the gender of the quitters. Also there was close association between educations and the efforts to quit. Furthermore the prevalence to quit smoking were higher in the adolescence and the young adults as compared to the adults. Also most smokers are interested in quitting smoking and there was slight variance in the percentage of the gender.


Shopland, D. R., Burns, D. M., National Cancer Institute (EМЃ.-U.), & Conference on What Works to Influence Cessation in the General Population. (2000).

Population based smoking cessation: Procedings of a conference on What works to influence cessation in the general population. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.