The American Constitution and the Declaration of Independence are the two most important and binding documents that laid the foundation of the United States. They declared the sovereignty of the people of the United States after the disbandment of the British colonial government.
The Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence levels grave accusations against King George III of the Great Britain. They formed part of the reason for the revolution that had brought about the independence and sought to establish a futuristic government that was to be guided by the hope for a prosperous nation. British colonial rule had denied the people of America the right to convene, make decisions that affect their lives, and more importantly, the right to form their government. One of the biggest reason for the authorship of the Declaration of Independence was the strict laws passed by the British government in 1774 that denied Americans freedoms and rights (Rohde 3).
Also, the errant dissolution of the American parliaments at the wish of King George III, who ignored the letters of complaints by the residents, made it challenging to address Americans’problems. Therefore, in 1776, under the guidance of the Second Continental Congress, Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. This Congress consisted of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingstone, and Roger Sherman. It was ratified on July 4, 1776, which is regarded as USA’s Independence Day (American Architect and Architecture, Volume 140 110).
Grievances against King George III
This paper aims to discuss three of the major complaints raised against the King of England included the following. First, he forbade governors and legislature from passing any laws that would help the country progress for the greater good of its citizens (Stix and Hrbek 107). Second, He denied the implementation of laws that would establish an independent judiciary. Third, he refused to protect the American states against foreign aggression.
The American ConstitutionThe American constitution, written in under the rule of James Madison in 1787, was, in part, a response to the problems stated in the declaration of independence (Block 39). There was the necessity to establish a government that would uphold democracy and the will of the majority. Also, there was the need to create a legal sense of equality among all nationals. In order to establish a proper democracy, the three issues mentioned under the previous section, about governance and legislation, the judiciary, and the protection against external intrusion had to be ingrained in the spirit and letter of the constitution. Article I Section I of the American Constitution delegates the power to make laws to the Congress. Section II of this same Article establishes the government as being democratically elected by the people of the United States (Schultz 33). Article III Section I of the Constitution bestows power to interpret the law on the judiciary.
It states that the Supreme Court and other inferior courts (Schultz 30). This section also gives the judicial arm of government the ability to determine the fate of criminal cases and offences stipulated within the constitution. Article II Section II empowers the president as the commander in chief of the Army as well as the U.S. Army (Schultz 35). All the sections in the article define the powers of the president as the leader of the army, which holds the responsibility to protect the nation from external attacks.
[bookmark: _GoBack]The Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution are regarded as the most critical documents that establish the democracy as it is. The former declared the nation as being sovereign while the latter instilled its operations as a progressive democracy.
American Architect and Architecture, Volume 140. J. R. Osgood & Company, 1931.Block, Thomas. Machiavelli in America. Algora Publishing, 2014. Print.Rohde, Stephen F. Freedom of Assembly. Infobase Publishing, 2009. Print.Schultz, David A. Encyclopedia of the United States Constitution. Infobase Publishing, 2010. Print.Stix, Andi and Frank Hrbek. Active History: American Revolution. Teacher Created Materials, 2013. Print.