Surrealism occurred in the year 1917 before the emergence of the art movement in Paris. According to (Robin, 100), he defines surrealism as a cultural movement in 20th -century in art and literature whose intention was to release the creative potential of the unconsciousness of the mind like for instance by the illogical juxtaposition of images. The artist painted alarming irrational scenes with photographic exactitude, creating a strange creature from everyday events on politics and objects, coming up with the painting technique that allowed self-expression of the unconscious. Since surrealism emerged, it spread across the globe, finally affecting the visual arts, the political thought, and practice, the music of many countries, philosophy as well as social theory. On the other hand, Suzanne referred surrealism as an expression of philosophical movements with the work being an artifact.
Aime Cesaire argues that colonialism has not been a benevolent whose movement and goals are to advance the life of colonized. Instead, it meant that that, the aims of the colonist was based on their benefits as well as self-centered motives that are economic exploitation. According to him, when the colonist establishes the colonies and after that, they exploit them, they already create many reasons. However, to Cesaire argument, he focuses on the two major problems that this colony create. Namely: the colonial and proletariat problem. I his description of the colonial problem that the civilization created, he referred to Europe as indefensible meaning that his colonies could not be positively misconstrued. Aime base his argument on the claim that there are no innocent colonizers and no one either colonizes with exemption. Therefore, a nation which is colonized, and shows the civilization colonialism by force become a gruesome civilization, which is ethically infected, overwhelmingly going from one significance to another, call for its Hitler, all these meant the punishment.
He as well regards the colonizers as ferocious due to unfair treatment to the colonies. (Aime, 80)Moreover, he considered the relationship as a single limited to force labor, pressure, intimidation theft, compulsory crops, taxation, rape, self-complacency, brainless elite and degraded masses. In addition, Cesaire acknowledges the issue of reconstruction of racial relationship. To identify the colonial relationship as one based on the trace he came up with a comparison between his homes of Martinique with the African colonies. By equating barbarism racism and colonialism, he claims that colonization is a form of dehumanization that comes from Europe’s racism against the Caribbean and black population in Africa. It is very clear that, according to his writings, he showed that Hitler diverged in the eyes of Europeans simply because he applied the procedure of the Europe colonist, which since then has been reserved particularly for Arabians of Algeria, the Indians coolies, as well as the niggers of Africa. This means that, if white Europeans are persecuted, Hitler will produce violence and most commonly reserved for no-white populations.
To add a point, Cesaire keeps on repeating that the colonizers benefit based only on world civilization that depended on turning all the colonizers into barbarians. Accordingly, the barbarians from all colonies were regarded to have no possession of civilization and cultural equal to that to that of imperialism. In addition, the latter have no any justification, no purpose for the exploitation and the dominance of the rest of the world. Cesaire calls the colonial encounter in another world as “thingification” which means that the colonies require a reinvention of the colonized and past which was destroyed deliberately.
Surrealism. , 2014, 70. Internet resource. Zalman, Sandra. Consuming Surrealism in American Culture: Dissident Modernism. , 2015, 80. Print.